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The Invisible US Fire Problem

Often thought to be a feature of development in rapidly urbanizing Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), the phenomenon of fire among populations living in ‘slum conditions’ is a feature of American cities, and across the spectrum from urban areas to rural areas.

But news headlines seldom tell the stories of people living in these conditions suffering disproportionately from fire. Reframing this issue through a regulatory lens can offer new perspectives – what are the stories of fire in under-regulated buildings and the fire challenges related to homelessness, especially in unregulated and non-sheltered conditions?

This report outlines what we know and do not yet know about the interactions between regulatory blind spots, ambiguous application of existing fire safety regulatory regimes and informality in the US. By defining and framing these matters, this work aims to discover the breadth and depth of research and action needed to understand and ultimately address fire safety issues of insecurely and vulnerably sheltered populations in the US – the invisible US fire problem.

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Fire Risks Facing Insecurely & Vulnerably Sheltered Populations in the United States:
A Working Paper

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A Look Back at Kindling's First Year
First Annual Review Report


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'Fire from the Dragon' 
Docummentary produced by Justin Sullivan in collaboration with the Western Cape Government to raise awareness of informal settlement fires in South Africa and some of the actions being taken to reduce fire risks.  Accessible here


European Fire Safety Community

Digital Summit 2020 - “Envisaging a Fire Safety Rating Scheme for Buildings”

Recording of breakout session

Does fire discriminate? A social justice approach to fire safety

2020 Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) Annual Meeting Session co-hosted by Kindling and Save the Children International

Recording of session

Strategizing Fire Safety in

Shelter & Settlements 


Arup event for which our founder, Danielle Antonellis was a panellist

Recording of session

Shocks + Stressors: A conversation about COVID, social justice, and climate

PyroLife International Symposium 2020 on Integrated Fire Management

Shifting Paradigms to Address Fire Safety Inequalities, Danielle Antonellis

Blog on event by Hugo Lambrechts

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